Commentary On The Book Of 1st Samuel Chapter 1:24-28

Chapter 1:24 Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with a three-year-old bull and one ephah of flour and a jug of wine, and brought him to the house of the Lord in Shiloh, although the child was young.

Normally, Hebrew children were weaned at approximately two to three years old. An ephah was three-fifths of a bushel which was either twenty quarts or twenty-two liters.

Chapter 1:25 Then they slaughtered the bull, and brought the boy to Eli.

Chapter 1:26 She said, “Oh, my lord! As your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood here beside you, praying to the Lord.

She reminds Eli that she was the woman that had made the vow previously in verse 11.

Chapter 1:27 “For this boy I prayed, and the Lord has given me my petition which I asked of Him.

Chapter 1:28 “So I have also dedicated him to the Lord as long as he lives he is dedicated to the Lord.” And he worshiped the Lord there.

In verse 28, Hannah dedicates Samuel to the Lord or in other words made him over. By making him over, she is completely giving up the child to the Lord. Hannah was paying on the vow that she had made to the Lord even though it was at a tremendous cost. See Ecclesiastes 5:4-5.

Commentary On The Book Of 1st Samuel Chapter 1:19-23

Chapter 1:19 Then they arose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord and returned again to their house in Ramah. And Elkanah had relations with Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her.

We see Elkanah and Hannah’s wonderful faith as they worshiped God. Notice that God never forgot Hannah, but to put it in human terms, He remembered her in His timing. In Hebrews 6:12 this verses reminds us of those through faith and patience inherit the promises of God and Hannah is a perfect example of this.

Chapter 1:20 It came about in due time, after Hannah had conceived, that she gave birth to a son; and she named him Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked him of the Lord.”

Samuel means “name of God” and reminds us of God’s mercy of all that call upon His name.

Chapter 1:21 Then the man Elkanah went up with all his household to offer to the Lord the yearly sacrifice and pay his vow.

Chapter 1:22 But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “I will not go up until the child is weaned; then I will bring him, that he may appear before the Lord and stay there forever.”

Hebrew children were normally weaned at between two and three years old and apparently Hannah was in no hurry.

Chapter 1:23 Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you. Remain until you have weaned him; only may the Lord confirm His word.” So the woman remained and nursed her son until she weaned him.

Elkanah reminds Hannah to do everything in remembrance of God and that is excellent advice for us always.

Commentary On the Book Of 1st Samuel Chapter 1:9-18

Chapter 1:9 Then Hannah rose after eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli, the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the temple of the Lord.

Hannah arose and was apparently near the temple or the Tabernacle when Eli, the priest saw her.

Chapter 1:10 She, greatly distressed, prayed to the Lord and wept bitterly.

We see in this verse that Hannah being barren had taken a great toll on her and she turned it over to the Lord. Don’t we see in our lives that there are situations in which we have handled it as long as we could and our only option is to turn it over to the Lord. We see here that God’s timing is always the best.

Chapter 1:11 She made a vow and said, “O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and a razor shall never come on his head.”

In this verse, Hannah makes a vow that if she were given a son, that he would be given in lifelong levitical service and become a lifelong Nazirite. Some of the requirements of this vow by Hannah meant that her son would abstain from wine and strong drink, he should not go near to a dead person, and as we see in this verse that no razor shall pass over his head and that he should let the locks of his hair grow long.

Chapter 1:12 Now it came about as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli was watching her mouth.

Eli was watching Hannah but he could not hear her but was reading her lips.

Chapter 1:13 As for Hannah, she was speaking in her heart, only her lips were moving, but her voice was not heard. So Eli thought she was drunk.

It was not uncommon apparently that drunkeness, even by woman and at the Tabernacle was taking place.

Chapter 1:14 Then Eli said to her, “How long will you make yourself drunk? Put away your wine for you.”

Chapter 1:15 But Hannah answered and said, “No, my lord, I am a woman oppressed in spirit; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have poured out my soul before the Lord.

This is one of the finest examples in the Bible for fervent prayer in which Hannah pours her soul out to the Lord. Other teachings of this occur in Philippians 4:6-7 and 1 Peter 5:7.

Chapter 1:16 “Do not consider your maidservant as a worthless woman, for I have spoken until now out of my great concern and provocation.”

Chapter 1:17 Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace; and may the God of Israel grant your petition that you have asked of Him.”

Chapter 1:18 She said, “Let your maidservant find favor in your sight.” So the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.

We see that Hannah has turned it over to the Lord and her countenance had completely changed. Do you have something today in which you need to unburden yourself with and turn it over? I pray that each reader today that has this situation will rely on the Lord.

Commentary On The Book Of 1st Samuel Chapter 1:1-8

Chapter 1:1 Now there was a certain man from Ramathaim-zophim from the hill country of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.

The place that is referred to here is a longer name of Raman, which was a city in the hill country of Ephraim, which was located five miles north of Jerusalem. Elkanah was an Ephraimite due to his residence but he was ta Levite by birth through the Kohathites who were given towns in Ephraim which as found in 1 Chronicles 6:33-36.

Chapter 1:2 He had two wives, the name of one was Hannah and the name of the other Peninnah; and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.

Having two wives was not according to God’s ideal for marriage as described in Genesis 2:24. This passage tells us that marriage according to God was to be monogamous, heterosexual and the bringing together of two people into one holy union. However, in the case of a childless first marriage, polygamy was allowed. (See Deuteronomy 21:15-17). Also polygamy was allowed in a levirate marriage (See Deuteronomy 25:5-10) but both of these types of marriages caused considerable misery as we will see in verses six and seven of this chapter.

Chapter 1:3 Now this man would go up from his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests to the Lord there.

Elkanah, as all men of Israel were required three times a year to appear at the central sanctuary to attend the festivals of Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, and Booths (See Exodus 23:14-17). We do not know of which festival this was. Shiloh was the location of the Tabernacle and was the religious center of Israel until the loss of the ark as described in I Samuel chapter 4. Shiloh was located twenty miles north of Jerusalem.

Chapter 1:4 When the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and her daughters;

Chapter 1:5 but to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, but the Lord had closed her womb.

Chapter 1:6 Her rival, however, would provoke her bitterly to irritate her, because the Lord had closed her womb.

Chapter 1:7 It happened year after year, as often as she went up to the house of the Lord, she would provoke her; so she wept and would not eat.

Chapter 1:8 Then Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah why do weep and why do you not eat and why is your heart sad? Am I not better to you than ten sons?”

We see in these verses, as we spoke of earlier, the great misery caused by polygamy and the irritation that it caused between the two wives. In verse eight, we see that Elkanah’s love and concern for Hannah to be a greater blessing than to have a large family!!!

Some Verses On Jesus Christ, Our Savior From The Bible

Romans 6:23 “For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

1 John 4:14 “We have seen and testify that the Father has sent the Son to be the Savior of the world.”

Acts 13:23 “From the descendants of this man, according to promise, God has brought to Israel a Savior, Jesus.”

Phil. 3:20 “For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ.”

1 Tim. 4:10b “We have fixed our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all men, especially of believers.”

Some Verses On Obedience From The Bible

“Through him we received grace and apostleship to call all the Gentiles to the obedience that comes from faith for his name’s sake.”

Romans 1:5

“If you love me, keep my commands.”

John 14:15

“And this is love: that we walk in obedience to his commands. As you have heard from the beginning, his command is that you walk in love.”

2 John 1:6

“He replied, “Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and obey it.”

Luke 11:28

“As obedient children, do not conform to the evil desires you had when you lived in ignorance.”

1 Peter 1:14

Commentary On The Letter From Paul To The Colossians Chapter 4:7-18

Chapter 4:7 As to all my affairs; Tychicus, our beloved brother and faithful servant and fellow bond-servant in the Lord, will bring your information.

Tychicus was one of the bearers of this letter as we see in Acts 20:4. I would like for you to notice the characteristics that Paul brings out about Tychicus. He was a dear brother, a faithful servant as well as a fellow bond servant. Aren’t those all qualities that we need to develop more fully in our lives?

Chapter 4:8 For I have sent him to you for this very purpose, that you may know about our circumstances and that he may encourage your hearts;

Chapter 4:9 and with him Onesimus, our faithful and beloved brother, who is one of your number. They will inform you about the whole situation here.

One of the things that I love about Paul was he wanted to let the people of Colossae how much he cared for them as well as keep them informed in the spread of the Gospel. We see in verse 9 that Onesimus is with him. Onesimus was one of the millions of slaves in the Roman Empire at the time and had stolen from Philemon, his master and had run away. Onesimus made it to Rome where he met Paul, who led him to Christ(Philemon v.10). His Christian duty required him to return to Philemon and face his punishment. His punishment would normally mean death, and that is one of the reasons that Paul wrote the letter to Philemon on Onesimus behalf. The question that came out of this for me was this. Are there things in my life in which I am avoiding my Christian duty.

Chapter 4:10 Aristrachus, my fellow prisoner, sends you greetings; and also Barnabas’cousin Mark (about whom you received instructions; if he comes to you welcome him);

Chapter 4:11 and also Jesus who is called Justus: these are the only fellow workers for the kingdom of God who are from the circumcision, and they have proved to be an encouragement to me.

We see that Mark, who is the author of the second gospel has returned after his problems in the first missionary journey and has found his way back into Paul’s favor. In verse 11 we see a Jesus who is called Justus, but unfortunately there is nothing else known of him.

Chapter 4:12 Epaphras, who is one of your number, a bondslave of Jesus Christ, sends you his greetings, always laboring earnestly for you in his prayers, that you may stand perfect and fully assured in all the will of God.

Chapter 4:13 For I testify for him that he has a deep concern for you and for those who are in Laodicea and Hierapolis.

Chapter 4:14 Luke, the beloved physician, sends you his greetings and also Demas.

In verse 14, we see that Luke is there as well as Demas who later defected as we see in 2 Timothy 4:10.

Chapter 4:15 Greet the brethren who are in Laodicea and also Nympha and the church that is in her house.

Chapter 4:16 When this letter is read among you, have it also read in the church of the Laodiceans; and you, for your part read my letter that is coming from Laodicea.

Chapter 4:17 Say to Archippus, “Take heed to the ministry which you have received in the Lord that you may fulfill it.”

Chapter 4:18 I, Paul, write this greeting with my own hand. Remember my imprisonment. Grace be with you.

We need to remember that early congregations met in homes as we see here as well as in 1 Corinthians 16:19 and Philemon 2. The church in a particular city may have several house churches as we see in 1 Corinthians 1:2. We see in verse 16 that a letter was sent and read and some believe that this was the letter to the Ephesians.